Can you believe July is already here?! Today you'll be reading about shopping in Spanish, the history of strong Colombian women, and pirates!
Un poquito de español
This month we're learning about shopping! Cartagena is full of beautiful things handmade by local artisans.
To buy – Comprar
To sell – Vender
How much? - Cuánto cuesta?
How much are the earrings? - Cuánto cuestan los aretes?
How much is the purse? - Cuánto cuesta la cartera?
It’s too expensive! – Es muy costoso! Es muy caro!
What’s the best price? – Cuál es el mejor precio?
It’s beautiful – Es muy bonito (Singular) Son muy bonitos (Plural)
Do you have another size? – Tiene otra talla?
Do you have a larger size? Tiene una talla más grande?
Do you have a smaller size? – Tiene una talla más pequeña?
Do you have another color? –Tiene otro color?
Blue – Azul
Red – Rojo
Blanco – White
Black – Negro
Yellow – Amarillo
Green – Verde
Brown – Café
Pink – Rosado
Gray – Gris
Meet the palenqueras
Palenqueras have become a symbol of Cartagena's resilience and joy. You'll see them donning incredible, bright outfits, selling fruits, handmade desserts, and posing for pictures (for a fee.)
These women travel to the old city every day from a small village called San Basilio de Palenque. It was the first free slave town in the Americas, the history of this town is so rich that UNESCO declared it a heritage site.
Today there are about 4000 inhabitants in Palenque and the Palenqueras are many times the main bread winners of their families. They have become one of Colombia’s icons and they represent our country in a wonderful way. They are working hard to preserve their culture by keeping recipes, language and traditions alive. They are courageous, hard-working women- you'll meet them in Cartagena, and we hope you'll be inspired by their positive attitudes and love for their culture.
Did you know...
In 1552 a fire destroyed a huge part of the city because many of the buildings were made of wood. Since then only stone, tile, and brick are used for building, which is why you'll see so much history within the walls of the city.
Pirates would constantly attack Cartagena because it was where the Spaniards would store their treasure. Because of this, the Spanish government built a 13 km wall around the old city, which still stands today (and we'll walk on it!)
Simon Bolivar, who led Colombia to independence, named Cartagena "La Ciudad Heroica" (The Heroic City) because it was one of the first cities to declare independence from the Spaniards. The constant sieges from the Spaniards, plus attacks from pirates and mercenaries, made Cartagena's people live up to their name.